Obesity and high blood pressure

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Obesity and high blood pressure

Obesity and high blood pressure. It is a condition. That is often found together. And are the main risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases. (non-communicable diseases or NCDs), which is an important problem for Thai people and people around the world. According to a 2012 World Health Organization report, NCDs are the main cause of death for the world’s population. is approximately 68 percent, therefore reducing abdominal obesity And high blood pressure is therefore extremely important. 

From the 2009 Thai Public Health Survey data ทางเข้า ufabet It was found that among people. Who were overweight (body mass index > 25 kg/m2) there was a higher prevalence of high blood pressure than among people with a body mass index < 25 kg/m2 approximately 2 times (31.6% and 15.9% respectively) which is in line with the data of the global population that Among people with abdominal obesity, there is a higher prevalence of high blood pressure.

The reasons why people who are obese have an increased chance of having high blood pressure include: 

1) The autonomic nervous system is stimulate more than the average person. And the automatic response to nerve impulses (reflex) changes

2) impaired kidney function There is a change in the secretion of many hormones. As a result, the renal tubular excretion of sodium salts decreases. Absorb more sodium back into the body. and increased protein leaks into the urine

3) Endothelium dysfunction due to secretion of various substances and hormonal changes. Resulting in abnormal contraction and relaxation of blood vessels.

In addition to the reasons above The most important factor that causes body weight and increas is a lifestyle behavior especially inappropriate consumption and little body movement This is an important factor in the development of many co-morbidities such as diabetes, high cholesterol, high uric acid, and sleep apnea.

Therefore, the best way to treat high in obese people is to lose weight by changing behavior using the 3 principles: food, emotions, and exercise, as this will help control the comorbidities mentioned above. Also got better. comparable to Shoot many birds with one stone. As for using medicine to lower blood pressure, it is treatment at the end of the cause. Doesn’t help reduce waist circumference Doesn’t help reduce sugar levels and blood fat. Therefore, it should use in conjunction with behavior modification.